Anatomy Of A Rugby Union Pitch

Landscape poster describing the lines on a rugby pitch
Resource added: 13 January 2023

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Download this free classroom poster to help your students understand the anatomy of a rugby union pitch!

If your students are delving deeper into the world of rugby union, then they’ll find this free downloadable poster really helpful, as it explains the anatomy of a rugby pitch.

Download the poster!

What’s on the poster?

On the poster, your students will see a visual representation of the anatomy of a rugby pitch and how each element relates to the others.

Pitch dimensions

Interestingly, the dimensions of a rugby pitch are based on the playing fields at Rugby School in the early 19th century when William Webb Ellis picked up a football and invented the game!

The length of the pitch is 100m between the two try lines. And the width of the pitch should be approximately 70m – many are around 68m because this is the width required for other football codes like association rugby and rugby league.


Of course, rugby goals are a very distinctive H shape and there are two, placed at either end of the pitch.

Each goal consists of two upright goalposts, known as uprights, which must be 5.6m apart.

These are bridged by a crossbar which must be 3m above the ground.

22m line

The 22m line is a solid line 22m from each end of the field of play. This is where dropout kicks are taken and also marks the end point where players can kick directly into touch.

10m line

The 10m line is a dashed line 10m from each end of the field of play. This shows where a game starts or restarts from kick off. Opposition must be behind this line at kick off for a kick to be legal it must pass this line unaided.

Try line

The try line is hugely important in rugby union. In order to score a try, the attacking team must touch or pass this line and the ball must be grounded. A try will not be awarded in the case of previous infringement or the player going out of bounds while in possession of the ball.

Dead ball line

This line marks the end of the playing pitch. If the ball or a player crosses this line the non-infringing team are awarded possession of the ball on the restart.

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